Water is boiled in a large tank offstage, into which the dry ice is lowered in a basket. FAR CYC(US) Lighting instrument used to light cycloramas or drops (see also CYC FLOOD). For example, a lighting plot on a manual board is normally a running plot. Also known as ERS / E.R.S. I'll only be a couple of minutes'). ER / E.R. Spanish: Bambalina. Each beltpack connects into the headset ring and back to a PSU (Power Supply Unit) which is powered from the mains. This User Agreement For Online Sales ("Agreement") describes the terms and conditions applicable to your use of www.usedlighting.com (this "Site"), which is a division of 4Wall … (ERS) Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight (US). moving lights). Because there is a potential difference (voltage) of 415 volts between any two phases and earth/ground, care must be taken that pieces of equipment powered by different phases are not capable of being touched at the same time in case of a fault. (Following phrase refers to UK standards). The process of giving verbal cues to the lighting, sound, fly operators and stage crew during the performance. Also known as a Beam Projector. Audition and Rehearsal Terms. A three-way splitter is known as a 'Threefer'. See Water Cracker. SPIGOT In the UK, the bars front-of-house (audience side of the proscenium arch) are usually given names (e.g. If a cable rated at 5 Amps is used with a load of 15 Amps (for example), the cable will overheat and possibly catch fire. The image can be used soft focus to add texture, rather than a defined image. DOOFERAn object or tool that you're not sure of the correct name for. GET-OUTMoving an entire production out of the venue, and back into storage or into transport. (e.g. (i.e. See PROFILE for more. Used for rigging lanterns, focusing etc. (Trade Name) A retractable alloy vertical ladder on an adjustable wheeled base. 1) An electrical power supply that is totally separate from the stage lighting control. See also CP, A1, T, P2. The word is a contraction of their names (Levy & Kook). 4) Low lighting intensity when cross fading between two higher states - 'there's a dip between these two states'. Available in the same ratings as fuses. A standard tungsten filament lamp loses its brightness in its' lifetime. Also applies to routing of sound signals. Consists of a single power input, a lighting control (DMX512) input and sockets to connect lanterns. See also ALTERNATE, SWING, UNDERSTUDY.Additional information submitted by Pierce Peter Brandt. PATCH PANELA board consisting of rows of sockets into which plugs can be connected to route sound signals or power for lighting circuits. Average score for this quiz is 5 / 10.Difficulty: Tough.Played 3,159 times. By Allan Weitz | 9 years ago. A scale drawing detailing the exact location of each lantern used in a production and any other pertinent information (E.g. SPILL RINGSConcentric rings attached to the front of a beamlight (eg Strand Pageant) to contain spill. See the link below for information. Known in the US as a STRIPLIGHT or BORDER LIGHT. Also known as Duct Tape. (See SVOBODA, DIGITAL LIGHT CURTAIN)Light Curtains in the Backstage Heritage Collection. are most susceptible, and may need replacing during a long run. See also FULL UP FINISH. Stage lighting is essential to any play, concert or on-stage act. Originally made of steel, scaff tubes are usually now made from aluminium which is a much lighter weight and therefore easier to work with and safer from a manual handling point of view. to break up the light on the actors faces. Cables, fuses and switches are designated by their current carrying capacity. Remotely controlled by the lighting desk. (Lee 117) (e.g. Interesting dynamics between different characters in the play can be explored using various levels. SNEAK 1 ENTER will fade channel 1 out of the current lighting state). FADERA vertical slider which is used to remotely set the level of a lighting or sound channel. The format of lighting used at a particular point in the production; a lighting 'picture'. 6) The Colour Call is a list of lighting gel required for the lighting rig. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Manufactured by Neutrik. Bringing a new lighting state up whilst bringing the previous one down, so that the new one completely replaces the old one. GOBO Musicals and live music performances are more forgiving. Properly calibrated (and regularly tested) these can be as effective than the smoke detectors (which work by 'seeing' smoke particles in the air). Multipin metallic connector. CUE ONLYA philosophy of operation on many computerised lighting desks where the entire lighting state is recorded for each cue. A name given to a pipe batten used to support lighting equipment in a theater. STAND-BY / STANDBY1) A warning given to technical staff by stage management that a cue is imminent. The use of SMOKE MACHINES in these spaces can (and does) result in expensive call-outs of the fire department and evacuated auditoria. LED lights maintain the same colour when dimmed, unless they have been designed to emulate the amber drift of tungsten light sources. It is difficult to start a running plot half way through; often the operator has to go back to the beginning and work through until the required point is reached. its dimmer number, focus position and colour number). Also used for marking identifying numbers on lighting gels. Neater and cheaper than Gaffa tape. The groundplan shows all items standing on the stage floor and any permanent items which will affect the production, and the position of any flown pieces. There are normally at least three lanterns on each boom, and three heights - SHINS (to light feet and lower legs), MIDS and HEADS. (e.g. (eg "Your call for tomorrow nights show is 6.55pm") Some cheaper systems use three graduated colour scrolls (one of each colour) in front of a standard fixture, but these take a massive amount of intensity out of the beam, resulting in a dim light on stage. See Water Cracker. 2) An original (e.g. Pinspots are ideal for lighting MIRRORBALLs. See Special.Designing and Focussing a General Cover. Properly designed alarm systems incorporate timed isolation, so that smoke detectors are only off for a specific period, and automatically come on after that period. (also known as the TECH RUN, or just TECH). This adjustment of focal length allows a single instrument to find many uses in various locations around the stage. We'll pick it up from Simon's line "And from then on it was all downhill" in a moment. Sometimes abbreviated to Xfade or XF. Similar in effect to barndoors on a Fresnel or PC lantern, but a lot more flexible. Floodlights are also as simple and produce general lighting for the entire stage. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. 1) A button on a lighting or automation control console that executes a cue. A section of a lighting control board (sometimes a separate unit) which provides an alternative method of control should the main board fail. Additional equipment that adds functionality to a larger piece of equipment but which are not necessarily stored with (or sold with) the equipment. Connecting lanterns to dimmers. A bright lighting state with general cover lanterns at 'full' (100%) intensity. EXIT SIGNUsually illuminated sign, of standard size, which should always be visible, showing an audience member and the company the nearest exit.New legislation in Europe means that the word 'EXIT' has been removed from these signs to be replaced by 'Running Man', known more politically correctly as 'Person moving purposefully'. English Chinese French German Hindi Italian Portuguese Spanish. Usually suspended by a rotator (an electric motor which turns the ball). WINGS1) The out of view areas to the sides of the acting area (known as FLÜGEL in German). Information is handled in separate bits (either ON or OFF) rather than continuously variable analogue signals. Floods are used in battens, or singly to light cycloramas or large areas of the stage. Small covered trap at stage level containing electrical outlets. COLOUR CALL1) A list compiled from the lighting plan of all the colours needed for the rig, and their size. e.g. A common type was the LEKO, made by Strand, but this has been eclipsed by the Source Four range, made by ETC. Elevation. 'Can you tighten the focus on the downstage Fs so there's less spill on the front of the stage'). Steps to Theatre Lighting Design ©2009 WindWorksDesign Ver 1.02 A. Whitfield Further Reading There are specific techniques for all of the above that are mentioned here in a quick and casual format. There are many different sizes of colour frames for lighting equipment. The process of connecting lanterns to dimmers is sometimes known as plugging up. Profile lanterns have a Field control which enables a beam to be flattened so it has no hot spot. See SHINS and HEADS. A1 coded lamps are for use in projection. There are normally at least three lanterns on each boom, and three heights - SHINS (to light feet and lower legs), MIDS and HEADS. Booms have a base plate (known as a TANK TRAP) or boom stand at the bottom and are tied off to the grid or fly floor at the top (not always necessary for short booms). See also SILK.Rosco Hamburg Frost range. Images can be front projected or back/rear projected depending on the amount of space and the effect required. this is NOT the same as preheating - a rig check happens before each performance and involves the whole rig, and preheating involves individual lanterns/dimmers and happens before a cue in which that lantern appears. When vertical, known as a BOOM. Vision gauze is used for diffusing a scene and for supporting cut cloths. Blue lights used backstage in a performance situation. An increase in level from an existing state is known as a BUILD. 'Can you foot this for me please? Shortened to Scaff. In the film industry, the word gobo can be used as a verb (e.g. PC refers to a lantern with a PC lens.Types of lantern. Visit the Performing Arts Lesson Plans page to learn more. ... A disconnect or electrical connecting/switching device in a theatre or venue which is traditionally used by a touring company to … (Abbreviation of Crescent Wrench). 1) Connector which allows two or more electrical devices to be connected to a single power outlet. Also known as SHIN BUSTER. This term also applies to the act of preparing colour filters and frames from such a listing. A light from directly above the acting area. Antagonist A person or a situation that opposes another character’s goals or desires. Previews are used to run the show with an audience before the press are allowed in to review the show. A now obsolete method of dimming which decreases the current available to the load by introducing a variable resistance between supply and load. Not only does light illuminate the action you’re watching, it also directly affects the emotion and and subtext of a scene. Reduction of lighting level for a scene change, that isn't quite a BLACKOUT. French: CycliodeTypes of lantern. French: contre-plong PRACTICALAny object which appears to do onstage the same job it would do in life, or any working apparatus (eg light switch or tap). The decibel (dB) scale is a measure of sound intensity. LOAD1) The electrical power rating, in Watts, of the equipment connected to a particular lighting dimmer. Lighting Design For Amateur Theatre 1. 1) General term for theatre communication equipment. The Parcan was being widely used by the early 1970's in the Rock concert industry due to the intensity of the beam, and the light weight and near indestructibility of the lantern. Wiring, temporarily rigged, to carry electrical current. A lamp used by photographers which gives a bright white light. Many different sizes of frames are needed for different lanterns. An adaptor from one type of electrical connector to another. If this light is turned off and light added to the set upstage of it, it will disappear. The stand will have a socket on the top into which a spigot can be inserted, which is bolted onto a single lantern. CMYCyan / Magenta / Yellow - the three secondary (additive) colours of light which are used in moving lights for colour mixing. The follow-on can be taken by the operator once a previous cue is complete, or a lighting or sound cue can be programmed to happen a specific time after a previous cue. CHANNEL CHECKLighting: Function on ETC lighting consoles which flashes a channel to 100% if it is at or below 50% or down to zero if it's above 50%. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This especially applies to standard dance lighting, when the lanterns are positioned at optimum height to light dancers on the stage floor. Kill channel 6 please). See NON DIM. The lens is a series of stepped concentric circles on the front and pebbled on the back and is named after its French inventor, Augustin Jean Fresnel (1788-1827). (Trade Name) Thin black aluminium product which is used to temporarily mask light coming out of a luminaire's body, or to control spill. Some theatre spaces have smoke detectors in them, which trigger a fire alarm when the space fills with smoke. Does not necessarily result in a 'sharply focused' image. There are hundreds of gobo designs available - common examples are breakup (foliage), windows and scenic (neon signs, city scapes etc.). FOCUSINGThe process of adjusting the direction and beam size of lanterns. Computer-Aided Design. Often drawn from the theatres' groundplan. A leafy breakup is used for outdoor scenes / forests / spooky wood etc. A type of lantern which produces an even, soft-edged beam of light through a Fresnel lens. Create an account to start this course today. COLOUR SCROLLER See also Tank Trap, which is a purpose-made all-metal boom base. 5) The DSM on the book is said to be "calling the cues". Written as 'I' in equations. The position of a shutter in the light beam is known as the shutter cut. See GENERAL COVER. 'Can you patch circuit 12 into dimmer 18 please'). DIRECT CURRENTElectric current that flows in one direction only (e.g. A catalogue of all the gel colours made be a particular manufacturer is called a SWATCH BOOOK. Also known as LX tape. In a hemp house, to 'Brail' a static piece a single dead line was put round the 'short' and 'long' line to move the piece to a new position. There are interfaces between wired and wireless versions enabling both to be part of the same system. Measured in Amperes (Amps). See MULTIPLEXED (MUX) SIGNAL. Circular threaded lamp holder which is one of the standard fittings for domestic light bulbs. Other common types are BC (Bayonet Cap) and SES (Small Edison Screw). "2k fixture" means a 2000 Watt (or 2kW) lantern etc. Electric current that flows in one direction only (e.g. The charts can also be used to do a 'rough' focus before a lighting designer arrives at the venue. TITLE BLOCKRectangular area in the corner of a lighting plan (often bottom right) containing the name of the show, director, scenic and LX designer names, date of the plan, scale, and other copyright information. A preset sheet contains the status of everything at the start of the show, then the running sheet / running plot lists everything that has to happen during the show, in order. DEAD1) A pre-plotted height for a piece of scenery or lighting bar - 'that bar's on its dead'. 2) Glazed section of roof usually in haystack form over the fly tower that automatically opens in the case of fire. Although the base provides a degree of support (especially with added brace weights) booms often require additional support from above. (US equivalent is FLOORPOCKET) This allows technical problems to be ironed out while ensuring the cast and creative team get audience feedback. BREAKOUT BIRDIE Also known as a Beam Projector. See also FLOOD. CROSS FADE / CROSSFADEBringing a new lighting state up whilst bringing the previous one down, so that the new one completely replaces the old one. Term probably originates from a FRENCH FLAG. Sometimes a beam light or other lantern may be used in the same way. See SHINS and HEADS. In the US, the word "Warning" replaces "Stand-by". Tickets are sold at reduced price and help to spread word of mouth interest in the show. This terminology is beginning to change, as it's not very subtle, and sometimes isn't as clear as it could be. It follows that if a light source is placed at the focal point, the lens will produce parallel rays. 1) Originally "tableaux curtains" which drew outwards and upwards, but now generally applied to any stage curtains including a vertically flying front curtain (house tabs) and especially a pair of horizontally moving curtains which overlap at the centre and move outwards from that centre. FIRST ELECTRIC(US) The first LX bar upstage of the proscenium arch. Infra-red remote controls are used for lighting desks and practicals. SHINSThe lowest lantern on a lighting boom. Although it's tempting to believe it's an acronym or abbreviation for 'Graphical Optical BlackOut' or 'Goes Before Objective lens' this is not true, as the term is also used in connection with sound recording (a microphone gobo blocks sound from adjacent sources) and also in the film industry, where it's a piece of equipment to block light from the lens or an area. PROFILE (US) Short for Ellipsoidal Reflector - type of fixed beam profile lantern common in the US. CLEANERSAuditorium working lights. 1) Vertical scaffolding pole (usually 48mm diameter) on which horizontal boom arms (also known as side arms) can be mounted, carrying lanterns. Dark blues and greens etc. See also CATWALK. 1) System of pipes, clamps and boards which is used in the construction industry to form levels to improve access to high buildings either during construction or maintenance. The actor / technician can acknowledge the standby by pressing a button which makes the light go steady. is it a downlighter, or is it backlighting or sidelighting), there's a danger that the cable will restrict movement when the lantern is focussed more accurately during the focus session, wasting time while the cable or safety wire is released. (Trade Name) A retractable alloy vertical ladder on an adjustable wheeled base. Exit signs and other emergency lighting must remain on at all times. The Super Troupers use Xenon lamps and vary from 1600W - 2000W. FOCUS POINTFunction on some computerised lighting desks which allows the operator to specify a place on the stage to which moving lights can be made to move on cue. In the US, the term plot refers to a plan. They also use moving parts called 'shutters' to change the shape of the light beam. A chance for … The frequency at which the current alternates (between positive and negative) is measured in Hertz (Hz) and in the UK is 50Hz, and in the USA is 60Hz. XLR The positional indicators on the rope (either PVC tape, or more traditionally cotton tape passed through the strands of the rope) are called DEADS. (e.g. A narrow stage curtain used for masking is Pendrillon A rehearsal call for the next day / week used to be posted on a Call Sheet on the stage door noticeboard, but is now often an online document, updated by the stage management team. Usually at the end of a musical number to draw the applause. A sample of fabric to demonstrate the material to use on a costume or set design, or a sample of lighting gel. 'Save 14'). lantern or projector) and the actor or object being lit. (pronounced "Fre-nell") A wooden board with vertical scaffold tube adaptor used as a base for lighting booms. Infra-red remote controls are used for lighting desks and practicals. Sharkstooth gauze is the most effective for transformations, because it is the most opaque. More powerful projectors are available using very intense discharge sources and large format glass slides to produce a massive image. A phenomenon seen when tungsten halogen lamps are dimmed which results in the light output becoming warmer (lower in colour temperature) as it becomes dimmer. Lantern used to project the image from a rotating glass effects disc. (US especially) To extinguish a particular lighting instrument (e.g. Once defined, the focus point can easily be recalled and used in multiple cues. The single letter 'k' is often used to represent 'kilowatt'. See also PHOTOFLOOD, CP, A1, T, K. Connecting more than one lantern to one power outlet via an adaptor or splitter, or more than one speaker to one amplifier channel. Light source consisting of a metal filament (Tungsten) which glows white hot when current is passed through. An accidentally unlit portion of the stage. FOLLOW-ON CUE / FOLLOW CUEA cue that happens so soon after a previous cue, that it doesn't need to be cued separately. The term "intelligent" is used as the instrument has a processor chip and electronics built into it, not because it's able to interpret the designer's artistic intent! Outriggers are used to stabilise the tower from falling sideways. Glossary of Technical Theatre Terms – Lighting (beginners). Commonly used discs are clouds, flames and rain. 2) A way of describing the directional sensitivity of a microphone. There are hundreds of gobo designs available - common examples are breakup (foliage), windows and scenic (neon signs, city scapes etc.). Short for Digital Multiplex. Low voltage birdies require a 12 Volt external transformer. Short for Parabolic Aluminised Reflector lamp. The button is usually labelled GO. Boom Arms - Doughty Engineering (UK). 2) A complete electrical 'loop' around which current can flow. 2) A reduction in light level - usually a note by the lighting designer for her/his own reference. 1) Anything in position before the beginning of a scene or act (e.g. Lights Down on Act One). (e.g. Most desks have a way of over-riding Tracking for a particular cue (known as Cue Only), or for the whole show you are working on. Advance Bar, Front Perch, Circle Front) and upstage of the proscenium are numbered, with LX1 as the most downstage. Lighting Cue, Fly Cue or Sound Cue. In the US TV/Film industry, a Gobo is a piece of material used to mask or block light, placed in front of a lantern (also known as a SHADOW MASK) and a Cookie (short for Cucaloris(from the Greek kukaloris: the breaking up of light)) is the same as a UK Gobo. Originally designed in 1933 by Joseph Levy and Edward Kook, the founders of Century Lighting (later Strand). 13A cable (or 5A cable) can also be TRS, so if in doubt, ask for clarification of the connector required, or check what it's for if you're not sure. COLOUR WHEEL Fans and ducts then direct the gas onto the stage. The excess current is converted into heat. Also known as a flash pod or firing pod. Usually preceded by the strike (where the set is disassembled back into component parts.

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